Ruffles and flourishes

DEFINITION

Ruffles and Flourishes are sounded to render personal honors and precede prescribed music for personnel being honored. Ruffles (played by the drums) and Flourishes (played by bugle or selected brass instruments) are played simultaneously. Ruffles and Flourishes are played in the concert key of B-flat when they precede the National Anthem, Hail to the Chief, and the General's March. Ruffles and Flourishes are played in the concert key of A-flat when they precede Hail Columbia and the Flag Officer's March. (Source: AR600-25, 1 September 1983, Table 2-1)Number ofRuffles and FlourishesMarch to be PerformedImmediately FollowingRank of PersonBeing HonoredFour Ruffles and FlourishesNational Anthem or Hail to the ChiefPresident of the United States of AmericaFour Ruffles and FlourishesNational AnthemEx-President or President-ElectFour Ruffles and FlourishesNational Anthem of foreign countrySovereign or Chief of State of a foreign country or member of reigning royal familyFour Ruffles and FlourishesHail ColumbiaVice President of the United States of AmericaFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Speaker of the House of RepresentativesFour Ruffles and FlourishesNational anthem of United States or officials countryAmerican or foreign ambassador, or high commissioner while in country to which accreditedFour Ruffles and FlourishesNational anthem of officials countryPremier or Prime MinisterFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Secretary of DefenseFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Cabinet member, President pro tempore of Senate, governor of a State, or Chief Justice of the United StatesFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Deputy Secretary of defenseFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Secretary of the ArmyFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Secretary of Navy or Air ForceFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Under Secretary of DefenseFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Director of Defense Research and EngineeringFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Chairman, Joint Chiefs of StaffFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Chief of Staff, United States Army; Chief of Naval Operations; Chief of Staff, United States Air Force; or Commandant of the Marine CorpsFour Ruffles and FlourishesGeneral's March (Army & Air Force) or Flag Officer's March (Navy) General of the Army, Fleet Admiral, or General of the Air ForceFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Chairman of a Committee of CongressFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Assistant Secretaries of Defense and General Counsel of the Department of DefenseFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Governor of a Territory or foreign possession within the limits of his jurisdictionFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Under Secretary of the ArmyFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Under Secretary of the Navy or Air ForceFour Ruffles and FlourishesGeneral's MarchFour Star General Four Ruffles and FlourishesFlag Officer's MarchFour Star AdmiralFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Assistant Secretary of the ArmyFour Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Assistant Secretary of the Navy or Air Force Four Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever American ambassadors having returned to United States on official businessThree Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever American envoys, American ambassadors having returned to United States but not on official business, or ministers and foreign envoys or ministers accredited in the United StatesThree Ruffles and FlourishesGeneral's March Lieutenant General (Three Star) Three Ruffles and FlourishesFlag Officer's MarchVice Admiral (Three Star)Two Ruffles and FlourishesGeneral's March Major General (Two Star) Two Ruffles and FlourishesFlag Officer's MarchRear Admiral (Two Star, upperhalf)Two Ruffles and Flourishes32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever American ministers resident and ministers resident accredited to the United StatesOne Ruffle and Flourish32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever American charges d affaires and charges d affaires accredited to the United StatesOne Ruffle and FlourishGeneral's MarchBrigadier General (One Star) One Ruffle and FlourishFlag Officer's March Rear Admiral (One Star, lowerhalf)-32bar medley of The Stars and Stripes Forever Consuls general accredited to the United States

Your data and time are valuable. There's a new web browser that considers your time and security as a top priority.

Download Brave Browser For Free!

Brave uses the latest in blockchain technology.

This ensures a higher quality and more secure experience. Learn more about this fantastic breakthrough.

Loads Content Up To 8X Faster

Because Brave blocks unwanted tracking scripts that run in the background, your browsing speed will be unparalleled.

Ultimate in Privacy & Security

Brave fights malware and prevents tracking, keeping your information safe and secure.